In Vitro Fertilization

This process involves fertilization of an egg combined with a sperm outside the body, in vitro (“in glass”). This involves monitoring and stimulating ovaries of the woman, then removing the egg in the laboratory and fertilizing with sperm, the fertilized egg which is known as ‘zygote’ undergoes embryo culture for few days (2-6) and is then transferred to the same or another woman’s gestational surrogacy uterus, with the hope of establishing a successful pregnancy. IVF is usually attempted as a last resort if less invasive options are unsuccessful.